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Wilhelm Christoph Konrad, Schmalkalder (Edle Von)
(1728-1794)
Magdalene Christina Friedrike Ne� Franz
(1735-1800)
Wilhelm Christoph Conrad Schmalkalder
(-)
Walburga Ruhlin
(-)
Charles Augustus Schmalcalder
(1781-1843)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
Ann Cochran

Charles Augustus Schmalcalder 35,59

  • Born: 29 Mar 1781, Stuttgart, Neckarkreis, Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Christened: 31 Mar 1781, Stuttgart, Neckarkreis, Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Marriage: Ann Cochran on 24 May 1804 in St Andrews, Holburn, London, England 72
  • Died: 25 Dec 1843, Saint Martin In The Fields, Westminster, London, England at age 62
  • Buried: The Strand, Tottenham, Bourough Of Middlesex, (Pancras)

bullet   Another name for Charles was Karl August Schmalkalder.

bullet  General Notes:

The prismatic compass was invented and patented by Charles Schmalcalder, a mathematical instrument maker in London, in 1812 (Turner 1983,257). As its name implies, it uses a prism, so that the angle could be read while the object was being sighted.

Charles Augustus Schmalcalder registered patent No 3545 on march 5, 1812 under the name "Philosophical Instruments", he was then granted an "Special Licence" by His Majesty King George III, which had a duration of fourteen years, The Patent expired on March 4th, 1826.

Charles Schmalcalder filed patent: No 3000 of 22 December 1806 for a Delineator a Tracing Device , Created a Silhouette


bullet  Noted events in his life were:

Baptism, 31 Mar 1781, Stuttgart, Neckarkreis, Wuerttemberg, Germany.



Marriage Banns, 24 May 1804, St Andrews, Holburn, London, England. in the presence of Mick Everingham & Susan Huggis



Marriage Notice: Pallot's Marriage Index for England 1780 - 1837, 1804, St Andrews, Holburn, London, England. Name: Charles Schmalcalder
Spouse: Ann Cochran
Marriage Date: 1804
Parish: Holborn St Andrew

 

Occupation: Mathmatical Instrument Maker, 1806-1839, Saint Martin In The Fields, Westminster, London, England. 82 The Strand, London,

Patented The Prismatic Compass, on March 5th 1812,

A great deal of his Instruments have been collected in the British Science Museum, Whipple Museum and there are some private collections

6 Little Newport Street, St Annes, Soho London 1806 -

82 The Strand, London 1810 - 1826

Later went to 399/400 the Strand from 1827 -1839

He Retired in 1840

 

Charles Augustus Schmalcalder had Many Branded Mathmatical Navigational Instruments Sextants, Telescopes, Compasses, Dividers, Theodolites & The Delineator which was a silhouette tracing machine

Charles Schmalcalder filed patent: No 3000 of 22 December 1806 for a Delineator a Tracing Device Created a Silhouette
Charles Augustus Schmalcalder filed No 3545 in 1812 for a Prismatic Compass

 

What is a "Schmalcalder Patent"?

Schmalcalder was not known as a Compass Maker.. so what is it? It was an adaption to the compass for a sighting mechanism. I.E: The Prism, which in viewing through this and a sighting vane you could visually see the direction you were going and corresponding direction at the same time.

The Schmalcalder patent was undoubtedly the most important development in the history of compass making, with the obvious exception of the original invention of the compass. It is still used today unchanged on all the worlds finest prismatic compasses, used by the Military in nearly every country around the world today.



. DataBase: London and Country Directory, 1811.



. DataBase: London Post Office Directory, 1829.

. Illness: Paralysis, 1841-1843, The Strand Union Workhouse, Castle St. (St Pancras). stayed there until he died on the 25th December 1843 at the age of 62

Was Run Over by Horse & Carriage



FRO (Death Ref:): (1 124), dec 25th 1843, The Strand Union Workhouse, Castle St. (St Pancras). buried from the
Strand Union Workhouse, Castle Street, Leicester Square, at Camden Town
cemetery (the overflow burial ground for St Martin in the Fields parish.
Description & Residence of Informant - Elizabeth Cawley, Head of ward at Strand Union Workhose, Castle St. Cause of death Paralysis

DataBase: Biography & Genealogy Master Index (BGMI), 1975. Name: Schmalcalder, C
Source Citation:
The Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts. Edited by Harold Osborne. Oxford,
England: Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press, 1975. (OxCDecA)


Charles married Ann Cochran on 24 May 1804 in St Andrews, Holburn, London, England.72



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This Web Site was Created April, 2006 for the Research of the Smallcalder family

E & O's ommited copyright S.Smallcalder 2006